Honduras

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Arabic
[ara] A macrolanguage. 42,000 in Honduras. Population total all languages: 2,495,380. Non-indigenous.

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Armenian, Western
[hyw] Users: 1,300 in Honduras (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Status: Unestablished. Classification: Indo-European, Armenian.

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Chinese, Yue
[yue] Tegucigalpa. Users: 1,000 in Honduras (1999). Status: Unestablished. Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese.

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Ch’orti’
[caa] Copán department: along Guatemala border. Users: No known L1 speakers in Honduras. Ethnic population: 33,300 (2013 census). Status: 9 (Dormant). Classification: Mayan, Yucatecan-Core Mayan, Core Mayan, Cholan-Tzeltalan, Cholan, Chorti-Cholti.

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English
[eng] Islas de la Bahía department: large cities along north mainland coast. Users: 9,000 in Honduras (2015 J. Leclerc). Also 13,000 speakers of Bay Island Creole English (2015 J. Leclerc). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Inglés. Dialects: Bay Islands English. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English.

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Garifuna
[cab] Atlántida and Colón departments; Cortes department: north coast between Masca and Plaplaya in Gracias a Dios department; Islas de la Bahía (Roatan island) department; cities: La Ceiba, Puerto Cortés, San Pedro Sula, and Tegucigalpa; 37 villages. Users: 98,000 in Honduras (Rivas 1993). 100 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 43,100 (2013 census). Total users in all countries: 174,300. Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Black Carib, Caribe, Central American Carib, Island Carib, Karif. Autonym: Garifuna. Dialects: Western Garifuna, Eastern Garifuna. Eastern Garifuna dialect is in Honduras and Nicaragua (leaves out, r, and tends to shorten words), Western Garifuna in Guatemala and Belize. Related to Island Carib [car], with Spanish [spa], English [eng], and French [fra] borrowings. Classification: Maipurean, Northern, Maritime, Ta-Maipurean, Iñeri.

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Honduran Sign Language
[hds] Scattered. Users: 40,000 (2019). Estimated 30,000–50,000 based on 0.3%–0.5% of the general population. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Honduras Sign Language, LESHO, Lengua de Señas Hondureñas. Dialects: None known. Deaf people along the north coast have some distinct signs from deaf people in the southern part of the country. In addition, a distinct sign language (not yet recognized in ISO 639-3) has developed independently on two islands off the north coast and is used by deaf, deaf-blind, and hearing community members. Tentatively called Bay Islands Sign Language (BISL), it is well-adapted for tactile use. (2019 B. Braithwaite). Classification: Sign language, Deaf community sign language.

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Lenca
[len] Comayagua, Francisco Morazán, Intibucá, La Paz, Lempira, and Valle departments. Users: No known L1 speakers. Last fluent speaker probably died by the 1970s (Campbell et al 1978). Some semi-speakers (Adelaar 2007). Ethnic population: 454,000 (2013 census). Status: 9 (Dormant). Dialects: None known. Some considered it Macro-Chibchan. Classification: Lencan.

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Mayangna
[yan] Colón department: southeast corner; Gracias a Dios and Olancho departments: between Patuca and Wanki rivers. Users: 700 in Honduras (1997 SIL). Ethnic population: 2,690 (2013 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Sumu, Tawahka. Dialects: Twahka. Classification: Misumalpan.

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Mískito
[miq] Colón department; Gracias a Dios and Olancho departments, south, Coco river watershed; coastal area, and northwest from Puerto Lempira. Users: 29,000 in Honduras (Rivas 1993). Ethnic population: 80,000 (2013 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Marquito, Mosquito, Mískitu, Mísquito. Classification: Misumalpan.

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Pech
[pay] Colón department: near Caribbean coast; Olancho department: Dulce Nombre de Culmi and Catamacas municipalities. Users: 300 (Yasugi 2007). Ethnic population: 6,020 (2013 census). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Paya, Pesh, Seco. Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan B.

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Spanish
[spa] Users: 9,245,000 in Honduras, all users. L1 users: 9,130,000 in Honduras (Instituto Cervantes 2017). L2 users: 115,000 (Instituto Cervantes 2017). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1982, Constitution, Article 6). Alternate Names: Castellano, Español. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian.

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Tol
[jic] Francisco Morazán department: Montaña de la Flor and Yoro. Users: 300 (Yasugi 2007). Ethnic population: 19,000 (2013 census). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Tolpan, Tolupan, Torrupan, “Jicaque” (pej.), “Xicaque” (pej.). Autonym: Tol. Dialects: No distinct dialects. It may be distantly related to Subtiaba [sut] of Nicaragua (no remaining speakers), Malinaltepec Me’phaa [tcf] of Mexico, or the Hokan languages. Classification: Jicaquean.

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