What is EGIDS? How is it used?

EGIDS stands for the Expanded Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale.  This is a tool that is used to measure the status of a language in terms of endangerment or development.  See Language Status for more information; see Endangerment for information on how this scale relates to endangered languages.

How many languages in the world are unwritten?

The exact number of unwritten languages is hard to determine. Ethnologue (19th edition) has data to indicate that of the currently listed 7,097 living languages, 3,748 have a developed writing system. We don't always know, however, if the existing writing systems are widely used. That is, while an alphabet may exist there may not be very many people who are literate and actually using the alphabet. The remaining 3,349 are likely unwritten.