Language of the Day for 10 October 2020


Muskogee [mus]

A language of
United States
Population Full
4,470 (2015 census). Spoken by 4,000–6,000 residents of the former territory of the Muscogee Nation and Seminole Nation in Oklahoma and by fewer than 200 of the Seminole Tribe of Florida (Golla 2007). 45 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 52,000 (1997 C. Pye).
7 (Shifting). Language of registered tribe: Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Kialegee Tribal Town, Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Poarch Band of Creeks, Seminole Tribe of Florida, Seminole Nation of Oklahoma, Thlopthlocco Tribal Town.
Language Use
Church services, ceremonial speeches. Adults only. Most also use English [eng]. Also use Mikasuki [mik]. Used as L2 by Natchez [ncz].
Language Development
Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. NT: 1886–1891. Courses taught at University of Oklahoma. Several schools introduce Creek in first primary years. Has been taught in one elementary school in Florida since 1979 (Golla 2007).