10 (Bradley 2007a). Ethnic population: 15,000.
Hokkaido prefecture: Kuril and Tsishima islands.
8b (Nearly extinct).
Sakhalin (Saghilin), Taraika, Hokkaido (Ezo, Yezo), Kuril (Shikotan, Tsishima). There were at least 19 dialects.
SOV; postpositions; noun head final; case-marking; verb affixes mark person, number; aspect; 12 consonant and 5 vowel phonemes; non-tonal.
Shifting to Japanese [jpn]. Fluent speakers are 80 and older; some additional semi-speakers are 60 and older (2012).
Ainu [aib] in China is a different, unrelated language.