L1 users: 24,000 (2014 J. Leclerc).
Rif Dimashq governorate: Al-Qutayfah district, Bakh’a, Jubb ’Adin, and Ma’lula villages; Qalamoun mountains, 50 km north of Damascus.
Ma’lula (Maaloula, Maalula, Ma’lu:la), Bakh’a (Bax’a), Jub-’adin (Jubb ’Adi:n). Little dialect variation.
Home, and as literary and religious language. All also use North Levantine Spoken Arabic [apc], as a second mother tongue (Arnold 2007).
Unwritten [Qaax], efforts to introduce a writing system with old Aramaic characters and with Hebrew were not successful.