Burushaski

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A language of Pakistan

Alternate Names
Biltum, Brooshaaski, Brushaski, Burucaki, Burucaski, Burushaki, Burushaski Hunza, Burushki, Miśa:ski, Mishāski
Autonym
Burushaski, بروشسکی‎ (Burushaski)
Population

112,000 in Pakistan (2016), increasing.

Location

Gilgit Baltistan province: north Gilgit district areas, Hunza-Nagar and Yasin areas; scattered in Gilgit, Kashmir, and various cities.

Language Status

6a* (Vigorous).

Dialects

Nagar (“Khajuna” (pej.), Nagir), Hunza (Kunjut), Yasin (Werchikwar). Yasin is geographically separated from other dialects. Lexical similarity: 91%–94% between Nagar and Hunza dialects, 67%–72% between Yasin and Hunza, 66%–71% between Yasin and Nagar.

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

Vigorous, but acquiring Urdu [urd] borrowings. Positive attitudes. Also use Khowar [khw], especially Yasin dialect speakers. Also use Urdu [urd], especially women. Used as L2 by Domaaki [dmk], Khowar [khw], Wakhi [wbl].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 20% in Hunza, less in Nagar. Literature. Dictionary. Grammar.

Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], in development. Arabic script, Nastaliq variant [Aran], primary usage. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Muslim.

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