L1 users: 11,000 (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 30,500 (2000 census). Total users in all countries: 16,800.
Heilongjiang province: Nale prefecture; a few in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region; Nei Mongol Autonomous Region: Hulunbuir banners in Arong, Chen Bargu, Ergune East, Ewenki, Huisuomu, Moriadawa, Oronchon.
7 (Shifting). Language of recognized nationality: Ewenki.
Haila’er, Aoluguya (Olguya), Chenba’erhu (Old Bargu), Morigele (Mergel), Huihe (Hoy). Standard dialect is Huihe. Dialectal differences within Evenki are small and the case for regarding Evenki and Orochen as separate languages is weak (Salminen 2007).
Other speakers in the area also use Evenki. All domains. Very few children except among the Khamnigan. Positive attitudes. Also use Daur [dta], Oroqen [orh]. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn]. Written Chinese used as literary languages. Farmers use Chinese. Also use Peripheral Mongolian [mvf]. Written Mongolian used as literary language. Herdsmen use Mongolian as L2. Used as L2 by Daur [dta], Oroqen [orh].
Traditional religion, Buddhist.