L1 users: 12 (2001 census), decreasing. A few semi-speakers left (Crevels 2007). Ethnic population: 200 (Crevels 2007).
Amazonas state: confluence of Orinoco and Toro rivers and downstream; Bolívar state: Palomo community and savanna between Caño Caripo north and Villacoa river south, near Caicara del Orinoco road to Puerto Ayacucho.
8b (Nearly extinct). Recognized language (2008, Indigenous Languages Law, Article 4).
None known. Reportedly similar to Yabarana [yar].
Shifted to Spanish [spa].