L1 users: 10,000 (2011 census), decreasing.
Sagarmatha zone: upper northeast Khotang district, Aiselukharka, Badel, Bakacho, Bangdel, Dipsun, Para, Patel, and Rakha VDCs, in Lidim Khola river slopes area, headwaters and tributaries to Aiselukharke south; Solukhumbu district, Sotang and Waddu VDCs.
7 (Shifting). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Rai.
Parali, Bangdele (Achero, Hachero, Hangkula), Rakhali, Sotange. High comprehension of Kulung among northern Nachering and Sampang among southern Nachering.
Degree of Nepalization is very high. Language retention among the younger generation appears to be limited to Bakachol, Rakha, and Bangdel VDCs (Hansson 1991:73; 2011 J. Rai). Religion; mixed use: Home. Older adults and elderly. Some use among children, adolescents, and young adults. Positive attitudes. Most also use Nepali [npi].
Devanagari script [Deva].
Different from Sampang, although sometimes called Sangpang or Sampang. Traditional religion, Christian, Hindu.