Russian

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A language of Russian Federation

Autonym
русский язык‎ (russkij jazyk)
Population

138,000,000 in Russian Federation (Arefyev 2012), all users. 119,000,000 (Arefyev 2012). Total users in all countries: 267,912,330 (as L1: 153,612,510; as L2: 113,273,820).

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1993, Constitution, Article 68(1)).

Dialects

North Russian, South Russian.

Typology

SVO; prepositions; genitives after noun heads; adjectives, numerals before noun heads; question word initial; 1 prefix on a word; recursive addition of suffixes allowed; gender (masculine/feminine/neuter); no articles; case-marking (6 cases); verb affixes mark person, number; passives; tense and aspect; comparatives; 32 consonants, 5 vowels, 4 diphthongs; non-tonal; free stress.

Language Development
Fully developed. Bible: 1680–2011.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Cyrillic script [Cyrl], primary usage.

Other Comments

Christian.

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