3,430,000 in Turkmenistan (1995). Ethnic population: 3,470,000 (1995). Total users in all countries: 6,678,190.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 13).
Nokhurli, Anauli, Khasarli, Nerezim, Yomud, Teke (Tekke), Goklen, Salyr, Saryq, Esari, Cawdur.
SOV; postpositions; no articles; case-marking (5 cases); verb affixes mark person, number; passives; tense; 23 consonant and 9 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; vowel harmony; evidentials.
Also use Russian [rus].
Turkmen in Syria, and possibly Iraq and Jordan, actually speak an ancient form of Turkmen; so-called Turkmen in Tibet may speak a different Turkic language. Muslim.