14,700,000 in Pakistan (2014 World Factbook). L2 users: 94,000,000 in Pakistan (1999). Total users in all countries: 162,642,730 (as L1: 68,619,830; as L2: 94,022,900).
1 (National). Statutory national language (1973, Constitution, Article 251(1)).
Intelligible with Hindi, but formal vocabulary borrowed from Arabic and Persian. Dakhini dialect of Urdu [urd] in India has fewer Persian and Arabic loans than Urdu. Rekhta is a form of Urdu used in poetry.
SOV; postposition; noun head final; gender (masculine/feminine); no articles; direct and oblique cases; verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject; passives; tense and aspect; causatives; 30 consonants, 20 vowels, 2 diphthongs; non-tonal; stress on penultimate syllable.
All domains. All ages.