A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Nenec, Nenetsy, Nentse, Yurak, Yurak Samoyed
ненэцяʼ вада‎ (nyenetsya’ wada)

21,900 (2010 census). Ethnic population: 44,600 (2010 census).


Khanty-Mansi, Nenets, and Yamalo-Nenets autonomous districts; Krasnoyarsk krai; Arkhangelsk province; Komi republic; northwest Siberia, north Dvina river mouth tundra area to Yenisei river delta, scattered in Kola peninsula.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Forest Yurak, Tundra Yurak.

Language Use

In Siberia most young people are still fluent in the language. On the European side, very few children learn it; young people tend to prefer Russian [rus] and most speakers are middle-aged or older (Salminen 2007). Some young people, all adults, a few to half of children speak Nenets. Positive attitudes. Also use Russian [rus], especially school-aged children in Siberia. Used as L2 by Komi-Zyrian [kpv].

Language Development

Most attended school and read Russian [rus]. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 2003.


Cyrillic script [Cyrl].

Other Comments

Mainly nomadic. Christian, traditional religion.

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