A language of India

Alternate Names
Aranatan, Eranadans

200 (2001 census). Census did not include all people in interior settlements.


Kerala state: Kozhihkode district, Ernad taluk; Palakkad district; Malappuram district, Nilambur tahsil; Tamil Nada and Karnataka states.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


None known. Lexical similarity: 63%–69% with Malayalam [mal], 53%–55% with Tamil [tam].

Language Use

Vitality in Malappuram District questionable due to small population, no separate settlements, living with Malayalis. Low education level helps keep language stable. Home, village. Negative attitudes. Most have at least basic proficiency in Malayalam [mal], which is used in all the same domains as Aranadan.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 36%–41% in Kerala, 65% in Tamil Nadu (2001 census).
Other Comments

A Scheduled Tribe. Traditional religion.