L1 users: 5,000 (Tourneux 2004). 40,000 all Kotoko languages (Tourneux 2004).
Far North region: Logone-and-Chari division, south Makari subdivision, Afade area.
Also use Chadian Spoken Arabic [shu].
Latin script [Latn].
‘Mandage’ is used by the Kotoko to refer to either the northern group of Kotoko languages (Mpade, Afade, Maslam, Malgbe) or the Kotoko group as a whole (including Mser and Lagwan as well). Muslim.