Ayta, Abellen


A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Abenlen, Aburlen Negrito, Ayta Abellen Sambal

3,000 (2008 SIL), decreasing. 45 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 5,000.


Luzon, Tarlac Province, San Jose, Maamot; Station Juliana, Mayantoc, and Capas.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


None known. Lexical similarity: 66% with Botolan Sambal [sbl], 49% with Sambal [xsb], 38%–44% with Ilocano [ilo], Pangasinan [pag], Filipino [fil], Pampangan [pam].

Language Use

In some remote areas, children still learn it first. A few in remote areas are nearly monolingual, otherwise speakers generally acquire and use L2’s at home, community, or school, trying to negotiate multiple linguistic identities. Home, community, church. Mainly younger adults. Neutral attitudes. Also use Botolan Sambal [sbl], Ilocano [ilo]. Used as L2 by Botolan Sambal [sbl], Ilocano [ilo].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 3%. Literacy rate in L2: 3%. Bible portions: 2006–2011.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.

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