L1 users: 3,000 (2008 SIL), decreasing. 45 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 5,000.
Central Luzon region: Tarlac province, Capas, Maamot, Mayantoc, San Jose, and Station Juliana.
In some remote areas, children still learn it first. A few in remote areas are nearly monolingual, otherwise speakers generally acquire and use L2’s at home, community, or school, trying to negotiate multiple linguistic identities. Home, community, church. Mainly younger adults. Neutral attitudes. Also use Botolan Sambal [sbl], Ilocano [ilo]. Used as L2 by Botolan Sambal [sbl], Ilocano [ilo].
Latin script [Latn].
Traditional religion, Christian.