37,800 in Russian Federation (2010 census). Population total all countries: 47,880.
Karachay-Cherkessia Province. Also in Germany, Turkey.
Ashkaraua (Ashkar, Ashxar), Bezshagh, Tapanta. Some dialects partially intelligible of Abkhaz [abk].
SOV; ergative-absolutive agreement on the verb
More vigorous in the Russian Federation than Turkey. L1 for about 95%. Most also use Russian [rus].