Aceh

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A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Acehnese, Achehnese, Achinese
Autonym
Aceh, Basa Acèh
Population

L1 users: 3,500,000 (2000 census). Total users in all countries: 3,500,032.

Location

Aceh province: Aceh Barat, Aceh Barat Daya, Aceh Besar, Aceh Jaya, Aceh Selatan, Aceh Singkil, Aceh Tamiang, Aceh Timur, Aceh Utara, Bireuen, Kota Langsa, Kota Lhokseumawe, Nagan Raya, Pidie, and Pidie Jaya regencies, on Weh and neighboring islands; Sumatera Utara province: Tapanuli Tengah regency, south coast enclave.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened). De facto language of provincial identity in Aceh province.

Dialects

Banda Aceh, Baruh, Bueng, Daja, Pase, Pidie (Pedir, Timu), Tunong.

Typology

SVO.

Language Use

Shifting to Indonesian [ind] in urban areas. Mixed use: Home, Community, Work, Education. Some young people, all adults. Positive attitudes. Also use Indonesian [ind], mostly in the cities and for education.

Language Development
Prefer reading in Indonesian [ind]. Literature. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1997.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Muslim.

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