Arabic, Mesopotamian SpokenPrint
13,400,000 in Iraq (2014 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 15,379,000.
Widespread, Tigris and Euphrates area, southeast from Baghdad to Kuwait and Persian Gulf; border enclave, An Bar Governorate, Al-Q’aim district.
3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language.
Anatolian Cluster, Tigris Cluster, Euphrates Cluster. Geographical and sectarian divisions correlate with Iraqi dialects. The vernacular standard based on Baghdad speech. Also Bedouin dialects. Nearly unintelligible to speakers of certain other vernacular Arabic varieties. Anatolian Cluster in Turkey. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara].
Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab].
Muslim, Christian, Jewish, Yezidi.