Arabic, Mesopotamian SpokenPrint
L1 users: 13,400,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 15,419,000.
Widespread, Tigris and Euphrates area, southeast from Baghdad to Kuwait and Persian Gulf; An Bar governorate: Al-Q’aim district, small area.
3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language.
Anatolian Cluster, Tigris Cluster, Euphrates Cluster. Geographical and sectarian divisions correlate with Iraqi dialects. The vernacular standard based on Baghdad speech. Also Bedouin dialects. Nearly unintelligible to speakers of certain other vernacular Arabic varieties. Anatolian Cluster in Turkey. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara].
Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab].
Muslim, Christian, Jewish, Yezidi.