Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken

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A language of Iraq

Alternate Names
’Arabi, Arabic, Baghdadi, Furati, Iraqi Arabic, Mesopotamian Gelet Arabic, Mesopotamian Qeltu Arabic
Population

13,400,000 in Iraq (2014 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 15,379,000.

Location

Widespread, Tigris and Euphrates area, southeast from Baghdad to Kuwait and Persian Gulf; border enclave, An Bar Governorate, Al-Q’aim district.

Language Maps
Language Status

3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language.

Dialects

Anatolian Cluster, Tigris Cluster, Euphrates Cluster. Geographical and sectarian divisions correlate with Iraqi dialects. The vernacular standard based on Baghdad speech. Also Bedouin dialects. Nearly unintelligible to speakers of certain other vernacular Arabic varieties. Anatolian Cluster in Turkey. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara].

Typology

SVO.

Language Development
Radio programs. TV.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab].

Other Comments

Muslim, Christian, Jewish, Yezidi.

Also spoken in:

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