A language of China

Alternate Names
Acang, Ach’ang, Achung, Ahchan, Atsang, Maingtha, Mönghsa, Ngac’ang, Ngacang, Ngachang, Ngatsang, Ngo Chang, Xiandao

27,700 in China (1990 census). Ethnic population: 39,600 (2010 census). Total users in all countries: 62,700.


Yunnan province: Baoshan prefecture, Longling and Tengchong counties; Dali Bai autonomous prefecture, Yunlong county; Dehong Dai-Jingpo autonomous prefecture and Baoshan district, Liangge, Longchuan, Luxi, and Yingjiang counties, Myanmar border area.

Language Status

7 (Shifting). Language of recognized nationality: Achang.


Longchuan, Lianghe, Luxi, Husa (Chintaw, Xiandao). Each of the 3 main counties has a distinctive dialect (Statistical Bureau of Yunnan Province 2004). No reported intelligibility between dialects. Longchuan differs more from the others, with more Dai loanwords. Lianghe and Luxi use many Chinese loanwords. There are also Burmese [mya] loanwords. Related to Hpon [hpo], Maru [mhx], Lashi [lsi], Zaiwa [atb].


SOV; tonal, 4 tones.

Language Use

Longchuan dialect is stable, but other dialect speakers are shifting to Chinese. Many Han people in Longchuan County use Achang in informal situations. All domains. Adults only. Also use Chinese [zho], Jingpho [kac], Tai Nüa [tdd].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 86% (2000 census). Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 2011.


Latin script [Latn].

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