Adi, Galo


A language of India

Alternate Names
Adi, Adi-Gallong, Adi-Galo, Gallong, Galong

29,200 (2011 census). A few older adult monolinguals.


Arunachal Pradesh state: west and east Siang, Dibang Valley (south), Lohit (east), Changlang (northeast), Upper Subansiri (west) districts; Assam state.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Lare, Pugo, Karka. Lare is the main dialect and is accepted by all Galo.


SOV; postpositions; genitives after noun heads; articles, adjectives, numerals before and after noun heads; relatives after noun heads or without; question word initial; maximum prefixes 2, maximum suffixes 4–5; affixes indicate case of noun phrase; causatives and comparatives; CV, CVC, CVV patterns; nontonal.

Language Use

Home, community. Used by all. Most also use Assamese [asm]. Most also use Hindi [hin], especially with the military. Also use English [eng], especially the educated and the young.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 60%. More men can read than women but more girls and women are learning. Radio. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 2008.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Buddhist, Christian.

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