Tibetan, Amdo


A language of China

Alternate Names
Amdo, Anduo, Ngambo, Panang

1,800,000 (2005 C. Lhungrub).


Gansu province: Tianzhu autonomous county; Sichuan province: Aba (Ngaba) and Ganzi Tibetan autonomous prefectures; Xizang Autonomous Region: Guoluo (Golog), Haibei, Hainan, and Huangnan autonomous prefectures; Qinghai province: Gannan and Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous prefectures.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Tibetan.


Hbrogpa, Rongba, Rongmahbrogpa, Rtahu, Panang (Banag, Banang, Panags, Panakha, Pananag, Sbanag, Sbranag). Central Tibetan [bod] or Khams Tibetan [khg] varieties not intelligible. Lexical similarity: 70% with Central Tibetan [bod] and Khams Tibetan [khg].


SOV; many onset clusters.

Language Use

Used by all. Used as L2 by Baima [bqh], Bonan [peh], Salar [slr].

Language Development

Classroom teachers use it it, but Modern Literary Tibetan [bod] is the language of literature. TV. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts.


Tibetan script [Tibt].

Other Comments

Those in Golog are called Golog, Ngolok, Mgolog, Ggolo, or Gugoluo. Buddhist.

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