17,160,000 in South Africa, all users. L1 users: 6,860,000 (2013 UNSD), decreasing. L2 users: 10,300,000 (Webb 2002). Total users in all countries: 17,518,390 (as L1: 7,218,390; as L2: 10,300,000).
Widespread, but fewer speakers in East Cape and KwaZulu-Natal provinces.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1996, Constitution, Art 6(1)), has been designated, along with English, as an official language in all 9 provinces.
SVO; prepositions; noun head final; definite and indefinite articles; passives; tense; 20 consonants, 16 vowels, 9 diphthongs; non-tonal; free stress.
Some also use English [eng].