A language of Chile

Alternate Names
Alacalouf, Alacaluf, Alacalufe, Alaculoof, Alaculuf, Alakaluf, Alikaluf, Alikhoolip, Alikuluf, Alilkoolif, Alokolup, Alooculoof, Alookooloop, Alucaluf, Alukoeluf, Alukulup, Halakwulup, Kaweskar, Kawesqar

12 (2006 O. Aguilera). 10 in Puerto Edén. Ethnic population: 2,620 (2002 census).


Magallanes y Antártica Chilena region: West Patagonia, Channel area, Isle of Wellington off south Chilean coast, 49 degrees south. Center is Puerto Edén.

Language Maps
Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct). Recognized language (1993, (Indigenous Peoples) Law No. 19.253).


Aksanás (Aksana). Dialects are generally divided into three groups, northern, central and southern, of which only the northern is still spoken (Viegas Barros 1990).

Language Use

Most also use Spanish [spa] (Crevels 2007).

Language Development
Dictionary. Grammar. Texts.

Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Aksanás has been shown by Clairis to be a misinterpretation of old Qawasqar; it is a phantom (Campbell and Grondona 2012).

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