Albanian, Gheg

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A language of Albania

Alternate Names
Geg, Gheg, Guegue, Shopni, Shqip
Autonym
Gegnisht-Shqyp, Shqyp
Population

L1 users: 1,200,000 (2012 UNSD). Ethnic population: 2,310,000 ethnic Albanians (2011 census). Total users in all countries: 2,046,480.

Location

Widespread north of the Shkumbin river.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Northwest Gheg, Northeast Gheg, Central Gheg, Southern Gheg. A member of macrolanguage Albanian [sqi].

Typology

SVO; prepositions; noun head initial; gender (masculine/feminine/neuter); definite article affix; case-marking (4 cases); verb affixes mark person, number; passives; tense; 29 consonant and 7 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; stress on penultimate syllable.

Language Use

Also use Tosk Albanian [als]. Used as L2 by Vlax Romani [rmy].

Language Development
Literature. Newspapers. NT: 1869–1990.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Latin script [Latn], primary usage.

Other Comments

Muslim, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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