21,600,000 in Ethiopia (2010 UNSD). L2 users: 4,000,000 in Ethiopia. 14,800,000 monolinguals. Total users in all countries: 25,820,220 (as L1: 21,820,220; as L2: 4,000,000).
North central, Amhara region; Addis Ababa.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1994, Constitution, Art 5(2)), also statutory provincial language.
SOV; prepositions, genitives, articles, and relatives precede noun heads; question word initial; case-marking (4 cases); verb suffixes show person, number, gender of subject and (optionally) object; passives including deponents; aspect; causatives; no comparatives; 27 consonant and 7 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; very weak stress.