Arabic, North Levantine Spoken


A language of Syria

Alternate Names
Lebanese-Syrian Arabic, Levantine Arabic, North Levantine Arabic, Syro-Lebanese Arabic, il-lahje š-šāmiyye
شامي‎ (Shami)

14,700,000 in Syria (2016). Total users in all countries: 24,587,400.


Al Ladhiqiyah and Tartus governorates; widespread along Mediterranean coast.

Language Maps
Language Status

3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language.


There is an urban standard dialect based on Damascus speech. Beiruti dialect well accepted. Aleppo dialect shows Mesopotamian (North Syrian) influence. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara].

Language Use

Drama. Used as L2 by Domari [rmt], Northern Kurdish [kmr], Western Neo-Aramaic [amw].

Language Development

Radio. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1973.


Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab].

Other Comments

Druze, Christian, Jewish, Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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