Arabic, Sudanese SpokenPrint
L1 users: 26,700,000 (2012 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 28,876,000.
3 (Wider communication). De facto language of national identity. Used as an L2 by all other language groups in Sudan.
Khartoum, Western Sudanese, North Kordofan Arabic, Ja’ali, Shukri. Western Sudan Spoken Arabic and Khartoum Arabic dialects have little compatibility (Kaye 1988). A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara].
All domains except written. All ages. Positive attitudes. Used as L2 by Acheron [acz], Adamawa Fulfulde [fub], Afitti [aft], Aka [soh], Andaandi [dgl], Bedawiyet [bej], Dagik [dec], Dair [drb], Dar Fur Daju [daj], Dilling [dil], Domari [rmt], El Hugeirat [elh], Fur [fvr], Gaam [tbi], Ghulfan [ghl], Gula [kcm], Heiban [hbn], Kanga [kcp], Karko [kko], Katcha-Kadugli-Miri [xtc], Keiga [kec], Koalib [kib], Krongo [kgo], Laro [lro], Logorik [liu], Lumun [lmd], Masalit [mls], Molo [zmo], Nding [eli], Nobiin [fia], Otoro [otr], Shwai [shw], Tese [keg], Tulishi [tey], Yulu [yul], Zaghawa [zag].
Written form rarely used; Standard Arabic [arb] used instead.