Apache, Mescalero-Chiricahua


A language of United States

Ndee bizaa

1,500 (Golla 2007). 1,500 Mescalero in New Mexico, 3 Chiricahua in Oklahoma (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: More than 3,000 Mescalero (Golla 2007). 175 Chiricawa, including 149 in New Mexico (2000 census).


New Mexico: Mescalero Reservation; Oklahoma: some Chiricahua at Fort Sill.

Language Status

8a (Moribund). Language of registered tribe: Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma, Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation.


Chiricahua (Aiaho, Chiricagua, Chishi), Mescalero (Faraones). Little dialectal variation between Chiricahua and Mescalero. Mostly a distinction in tribal identity (Golla 2007).

Language Use

A few Chiricahua semispeakers in Oklahoma (Golla 2007). Older adults only.

Language Development

Dictionary. Grammar. Texts.


Latin script [Latn].

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