Apma

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A language of Vanuatu

Alternate Names
Abma, Central Raga, Daleda
Autonym
Apma, Dalekte
Population

10,000 (2017 A. Gray). Latest published estimate: 7,800 (Lynch and Crowley 2001).

Location

Penama province: central Pentecost (Raga).

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Asuk (Asa, Asu), Suru Mwerani, Suru Rabwanga (Suru Bo), Suru Kavian, Wolwolan (Volvoluana).

Typology

SVO; 17 consonants and 11 vowels; verb serialization; exclusive/inclusive pronouns.

Language Use

Home, Community; Mixed: work, religion. All ages.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Low. Literacy rate in L2: 80%–90%, at a basic level. Used in most schools in Grades 1–2. Literature. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1977.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Suru Kavian dialect is referred to in some sources as a dialect of Namaram, though no longer the major dialect spoken there; Bwatnapni village dialect is a mixture of Suru Mwerani and Suru Rabwanga; Asuk and Wolwolan dialects are extinct or poorly known.

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