Apache, Western


A language of United States

Alternate Names
Coyotero, Nnee biyáti’
Ndee biyáti’

14,000 (Golla 2007). 6,000 on San Carlos, 7,000 on Fort Apache Reservation (White Mountain Apache Tribe); smaller numbers at Tonto, Camp Verde, and Fort McDowell reservations (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 20,200 (Ichihashi-Nakayama et al 2007).


Arizona: several reservations east central.

Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of registered tribe: San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation, Tonto Apache Tribe of Arizona, White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation, Yavapai-Apache Nation of the Camp Verde Indian Reservation.


Cibecue, San Carlos, Tonto, White Mountain.

Language Use

Some young people, all adults. A few children at San Carlos and Fort Apache are L1 speakers but most younger people are passive or semi-passive (Golla 2007). Also use English [eng].

Language Development

Radio. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1966–2012.


Latin script [Latn].

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