L1 users: 14,000 (Golla 2007). 6,000 on San Carlos, 7,000 on Fort Apache Reservation (White Mountain Apache Tribe); smaller numbers at Tonto, Camp Verde, and Fort McDowell reservations (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 20,200 (Ichihashi-Nakayama et al 2007).
Arizona: several reservations east central.
Cibecue, San Carlos, Tonto, White Mountain.
Vigorous. A few children at San Carlos and Fort Apache are L1 speakers but most younger people are passive or semi-passive (Golla 2007). Also use English [eng].
Latin script [Latn].