Arhuaco

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A language of Colombia

Alternate Names
Arauco, Arhuac, Aruac, Aruaco, Auroguac, Bintucua, Bintuk, Bíntuka, Bíntukua, Bítuncua, Ica, Ijca, Ijka, Ika, Ikan, Ike, Iku
Population

8,000 (2009 P. Frank). 7,200 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 14,300.

Location

Cesar and Magdalena departments: northeast and southern slopes of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.

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Language Status

5 (Developing).

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 15%–25%. Children are developing literacy in Arhuaco at school. Taught in primary schools. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 2005.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Strong traditional culture. Traditional religion.

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