Arikara

Print

A language of United States

Alternate Names
Arikaree, Arikari, Arikaris, Ree, Ris, Sáhniš
Population

10 (Golla 2007), decreasing. Ethnic population: 94 (2000 census).

Location

North Dakota: Fort Berthold Reservation, mostly Parshall and White Shield.

Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct). Language of registered tribe: Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation.

Typology

SOV; polysynthetic language; tonal.

Language Use

Shifting to English [eng]. Only elderly.

Language Development
Dictionary. Grammar. The annual Mandan-Hidatsa-Arikara Summer Institute (MHASI) supports Arikara language teachers and encourages new teachers to help in revitalization efforts. Agency: Mandan-Hidatsa-Arikara Language Project.
Writing

Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Reportedly a group Lewis and Clark met in 1804 in North Dakota. 30,000 were reduced to 6,000 due to smallpox.

Page Views Left: