Arabic, Najdi Spoken

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A language of Saudi Arabia

Alternate Names
Najdi
Autonym
نجدي‎ (Najdi)
Population

843,000 in Saudi Arabia (Leclerc 2011). Total users in all countries: 4,188,700.

Location

Widespread, especially interior areas; includes Al Hudud ash Shamaliyah, Al Jawf, Al Qasim, and Ha’il provinces; Al Madinah al Munawwarah province: Ta’if area and east; Ash Sharqiyah province north; Ar Riyad province: all but southeast; ’Asir and Najran provinces: south and west; Jizan province: small border area; Tabuk province: northeast.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language.

Dialects

North Najdi (Bani Khaalid, Dafiir, Shammari), Central Najdi (’Ajmaan, ’Awaazim, ’Utaiba, Al-Qasiim, Biishah, Haayil, Hofuf, Mutair, Najraan, Rashaayda, Riyadh, Rwala, Sudair, Wild ’Ali), South Najdi (Aal Murrah, Najran). Some dialects spoken by Bedouins. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara].

Typology

SVO.

Language Development

Grammar. Bible portions: 2013.

Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab].

Other Comments

Muslim.

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