Arabic, Moroccan Spoken

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A language of Morocco

Alternate Names
Colloquial Arabic, Darija, Maghrebi Arabic, Maghribi, Moroccan Arabic, Moroccan Colloquial Arabic, Moroccan Dareja, Moroccan Darija, Moroccan Dereja
Population

19,800,000 in Morocco (2014 J. Leclerc). L2 users: 5,000,000 in Morocco. Total users in all countries: 28,180,100 (as L1: 23,060,100; as L2: 5,120,000).

Location

Widespread, south of Atlas Mountains, including Sahara port cities.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language.

Dialects

Rabat-Casablanca Arabic, Fez, Meknes, Tangier, Oujda, Jebli (Jbala, Jebelia), Southern Morocco Arabic, Marrakech. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara].

Typology

SVO; prepositions; genitives, adjectives, relatives after noun heads; articles and numerals before noun heads; question word initial; prefixes 3. suffixes 4; word order distinguishes subjects, objects, indirect objects, topic and comment; affixes do not indicate case of noun phrase; verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject, object-obligatory; CCVCC; nontonal.

Language Use

Some also use Spanish [spa], in the north. Used as L2 by Central Atlas Tamazight [tzm], Ghomara [gho], Tachelhit [shi].

Language Development
NT: 1932–2012.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab].

Other Comments

Muslim.

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