80,000 (1999 X. Xijian). 20,000 monolinguals. Total users in all countries: 110,000.
Yunnan province: Dehong Dai-Jingpo autonomous prefecture, Bangwa, Longchuan, Luxi, Ruili, and Yingjiang counties.
5 (Developing). Language of recognized nationality: Jingpo.
SOV; 3 tone categories in unchecked syllables and 2 in checked; tense-lax vowel contrast.
Vigorous. Speakers of other languages in the area also speak Zaiwa. All domains. All ages. Used less by young people and children. Positive attitudes. Intellectuals are concerned about preservation of Zaiwa. Also use Central Bai [bca], Jingpho [kac], Lachi [lbt], Lhao Vo [mhx], Lisu [lis], Mandarin Chinese [cmn]. Used as L2 by Jingpho [kac], Lhaovo [mhx].
Traditional religion, Christian, Daoist.