A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Avaro, Bolmac, Khundzuri, Maarul Dagestani
авар мацӏ‎ (Awar mac̣), магӏарул мацӏ‎ (Maʿarul mac̣)

L1 users: 715,000 (2010 census). Ethnic population: 912,000 (2010 census). Total users in all countries: 766,500.


Dagestan Republic: Terek and Sulak river areas; some in Chechnya Republic.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of provincial identity in Dagestan Autonomous Republic (1994, Constitution, Article 10). Avar is used in many areas of Dagestan as a lingua franca among different ethnic groups.


North Avar (Andian Avar, Bolmats, Khunzakh, Salatav, Unkratl), South-West Avar (Batlukh, Hid Kaxib, Hid Keleb), South-East Avar (Andalal, Andalal Shulanin, Andalal Untib), Antsukh (Ancux), Qarakh (Bacadin, Karakh), Qusur, Zaqatal (Char). Antsukh, Qarakh, Andalal (South-East Avar), and Batlukh (South-West Avar) may be separate languages.

Language Use

Also use Russian [rus]. Used as L2 by Akhvakh [akv], Andi [ani], Archi [aqc], Bagvalal [kva], Bezhta [kap], Botlikh [bph], Chamalal [cji], Dido [ddo], Ghodoberi [gdo], Hinukh [gin], Hunzib [huz], Karata [kpt], Khvarshi [khv], Tindi [tin], Tsakhur [tkr].

Language Development
Taught in primary and secondary schools. Literature. Newspapers. Radio. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 2008.

Cyrillic script [Cyrl].

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