A language of Brazil

Alternate Names
Abá, Avá, Awana, Canoa, Canoe, Canoeiro, Canoeiros, Cara Preta, Carijó, Indios Negros

14 (Moore 2006). 14 monolinguals. All speakers are monolingual. Ethnic population: 46 (2009 ISA).


Goiás state: Terra Indigena Ava-Canoeiro; Tocantins state: Bananal island, upper Tocantins river valley.

Language Maps
Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct).


The groups in Tocantins and Goias speak different dialects, and have lived apart for over 100 years.

Other Comments

Seminomadic. The group in Tocantins, contacted in 1974, has 12 people. An estimated 15 remain uncontacted. The other group in Goias, contacted in 1983 has 9 people, with an estimated 10 remaining uncontacted. Traditional religion.

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