A language of India

Alternate Names
Abadi, Abohi, Ambodhi, Avadhi, Baiswari, Kojali, Kosali
अवधी‎ (Awadhi)

3,850,000 in India (2011 census). Total users in all countries: 4,397,400 (as L1: 4,352,000; as L2: 45,400).


Bihar state; Delhi; Madhya Pradesh state; Uttar Pradesh: Allahabad, Bahraich, Bara-Banki, Faizabad, Gonda, Kheri, Lucknow, Pratapgarh, Rae-Bareli, Sitapur, Sultanpur, and Unnao districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

5* (Developing).


Gangapari, Mirzapuri, Pardesi, Uttari. Dialects are generally mutually intelligible. Lexical similarity: with Bhojpuri [bho], Rana Tharu [thr], Maithili [mai], Nepali [npi], Hindi [hin]. Also Sanskrit [san] borrowings.


SOV; postpositions; noun head final; 2 genders; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person, number and genders of subject and object; no ergativity; tense and aspect; passives and voice; 30 consonant and 8 vowel phonemes; nontonal.

Language Use

Also use Hindi [hin].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 50%–75%. Education is in Hindi. Considerable epic literature. Hindu holy book, Ramcharitmanas, by Tulsi Das. Literature. Newspapers. Periodicals. Radio. TV. Videos. Dictionary. Texts. Bible: 2000–2005.


Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

‘Kosali’ is a name used for the Eastern Hindi group. Hindu, Muslim.

Also spoken in:

Expand All
Collapse All
Page Views Left: