Arabic, Sanaani Spoken


A language of Yemen

Alternate Names
Northern Yemeni Arabic

7,600,000 (1996).


Widespread; central areas: Sanaa and Amanat al Asimah governorates; outer areas: central and eastern Dhamar, western Al Bayda’, Marib, Al Jawf, Sa’dah, Ma’rib, Al Mahwit, Amran, and eastern Hajjah governorates.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous). De facto language of provincial identity in North Yemen.


A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara].

Language Use

Also use Standard Arabic [arb]. Used as L2 by Rāziḥī [rzh].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 10%.
Other Comments

Distinct from Hadrami [ayh] and Ta’izzi-Adeni Arabic [acq]. Muslim.

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