Aymara, Central


A language of Bolivia

Alternate Names

998,000 in Bolivia (2014 UNSD). Total users in all countries: 1,489,000.


La Paz, Oruro, and Potosí departments: west of eastern Andes.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Chilean Aymara is very similar to La Paz, Bolivia dialect. A member of macrolanguage Aymara [aym].


SOV; noun head final; case-marking (6 cases); verb affixes mark person, number; tense; comparatives; 26 consonant and 6 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; stress on penultimate syllable.

Language Use

In spite of large user population considered potentially endangered due to lack of intergenerational transmission of the language (Crevels 2007). All ages. Used as L2 by Chipaya [cap], North Bolivian Quechua [qul].

Language Development
Churches active in literacy. Government schools open to use of Aymara literature. New media. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1987–2012.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Some migration to valleys and lowlands. Traditional religion, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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