L1 users: 11,100,000 (2015 M. Izady). Ethnic population: 18,700,000. Total users in all countries: 13,973,280.
Widespread, especially north and central.
3 (Wider communication).
Aynallu (Inallu, Inanlu), Karapapakh, Tabriz, Afshari (Afsar, Afshar), Shahsavani (Shahseven), Moqaddam, Baharlu (Kamesh), Nafar, Qaragozlu, Pishagchi, Bayat, Qajar. A member of macrolanguage Azerbaijani [aze].