A language of Cameroon

Alternate Names
Baca, Bongo, Nu Baca, Southern Yambassa, Yambassa

4,500 (2007 SIL). No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 5,000.


Centre region: Mbam-and-Inoubou division, Bokito subdivision, Yangben canton, Bongo village, 8 quartiers south of Yangben: Buaya, Bupili, Buyatolo, Gafogo, Galala, Ganok, Nikoss, and Puéméné.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Center Nubaca, Kélendé, Nibiég. No significant dialect differences. Not intelligible with other Yambassa language varieties. Lexical similarity: 59% with Mbule [mlb], 66% with Yangben [yav], 55% with Elip [ekm], and 58% with Mmaala [mmu] (2015 G. Boyd).

Language Use

Some indication speakers want to retain Nubaca. Some young people, all adults. Mixed attitudes. Most also use French [fra]. A few also use Ewondo [ewo], in the Catholic Church. Also use Nugunu [yas]. Also use Basaa [bas], particularly the northern dialects. Used as L2 by Bati [btc].

Language Development



Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.

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