1,150,000 in Russian Federation (2010 census), decreasing. Population total all countries: 1,221,340. Ethnic population: 2,060,000.
Bashkortostan Republic, between Volga river and Ural mountains; beyond the Urals. Also in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.
4 (Educational). Statutory language of provincial identity in Bashkortostan Republic (1993, Constitution, Article 68(2)).
Burzhan (Western Bashkir), Kuvakan (Mountain Bashkir), Yurmaty (Steppe Bashkir). Similar to Tatar [tat].
All ages. Neutral attitudes. Also use Tatar [tat].