500 in Colombia (2004 DNP). Some monolinguals over 40. Population total all countries: 539.
Southeastern Vaupés Department, tributaries of mid and upper Pira-Paraná, upper Papurí and Tiquié, Mitú. Also in Brazil.
Eastern Waimaha, Pamoa Bara.
Passed on from fathers to children. Most domains, home, family, religion, local commerce, community. All ages. Positive attitudes. 40%–50% use Spanish [spa] as L2. Spanish and Waimaha used in school; Spanish with government officials. All also speak 2 or more of these: Tucano [tuo], Tatuyo [tav], Tuyuca [tue], Barasana [bsn], Yuruti [yui], Macuna [myy], Carapana [cbc] and Cubeo [cub] due to marriage patterns across language boundaries. Children speak the language of each parent, but identify with the father’s language.
Christian, traditional religion.