A language of Austria

Alternate Names
Bairisch, Bavarian Austrian, Bayerisch, Ost-Oberdeutsch

8,100,000 in Austria (European Commission 2012). Total users in all countries: 14,359,000.


Lower Austria and Salzburg states; Burgenland, Carinthia, and Styria (Northern Bavarian dialect).

Language Maps
Language Status

5* (Developing).


Central Bavarian (Danube Bavarian), North Bavarian (Upper Franconian), South Bavarian, Salzburgish.


SOV; prepositions; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives before noun heads; question word initial; 2 prefixes, 3 to 4 suffixes on a word; word order distinguishes subjects, objects, indirect objects; affixes indicate case of noun phrase; obligatory verb affixes mark person and number of subject, other suffixes can mark gender of subject and person, number, and gender of object; causatives; comparatives; CV, CVC, CVV, CCV.

Language Use

Vigorous. Also use Standard German [deu]. Language of instruction in school.

Language Development

Bible: 1998.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Dialects: North Bavarian north of Regensburg, to Nuremburg and Western Bohemia, Czechia; South Bavarian in Bavarian Alps, Tyrol, Styria, including the Heanzian dialect of Burgenland, Carinthia, northern Italy, and part of Gottschee.

Also spoken in:

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