A language of China

Alternate Names
Bengan, Bogan, Bugeng, Hualo, Hualuo, Huazu, Pakan, Pukan, Puqeng

2,700 (Yunbin 2005).


Yunnan province: Wenshan Zhuang and Miao autonomous prefecture, Guangnan and Xichou counties, Guangnan Nasa township, Laowalong, Nala, Xinwalong, and Xinpingzhai villages; Guangnan county, Zhuanjiao district, Jiuping and Shibeipo villages; Yanshan county, Jijie district, Manlong and 6 other villages.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Yi.


None known. Very minor accent differences between villages.


Prenasalized and plain stop and affricate initials; tense and lax vowel contrast; nasal and stop variation word final; tone sandhi, 6 tones.

Language Use

Vigorous. All ethnic Bugan speak Bugan. Used by all. Many also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn], especially adults but few middle aged and older people and children who have not attended school. Also use Chuanqiandian Cluster Miao [cqd], Nong Zhuang [zhn].

Language Development



Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Language and culture are very different from the surrounding Yi nationality groups. They maintain their own festivals and are endogamous. Traditional religion.

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