Bikol, Central


A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Bikol, Central Bicolano

2,500,000 (1990 census), increasing. Speakers of all Bikol languages: 4,580,000 (2000 census). L2 users: Also used by migrants and those who marry into the area as L2.


Bikol Region, Quezon Province, extreme eastern tip; Camarines Sur Province, around San Miguel bay, Ragay gulf, Caramoan peninsula to Lagonay gulf; western Albay Province, including Legapi area; northern Sorsogon Province, mouth, Sorsogon bay, inland; Camarines Norte Province, facing Philippine Sea, from basiad marshes east along coast to Mandao, San Miguel bay; southwestern third, Catanduanes Province; Masbate Province, most likely Burias and Ticao islands.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of provincial identity in Camarines Norte, 4 other provinces (1991, ACFLC Section 3(f)).


Daet, Legazpi (Legapi), Naga, Partido. A member of macrolanguage Bikol [bik].

Language Use

All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use English [eng], Tagalog [tgl]. Second languages acquired through schooling, media, and travel. Used as L2 by Inabaknon [abx], Isarog Agta [agk], Northern Sorsoganon [bks], Rinconada Bikol [bto], Southern Sorsoganon [srv].

Language Development
Taught in primary schools. Dictionary. Bible: 1915.

Braille script [Brai]. Latin script [Latn], primary usage.

Other Comments

Christian (Roman Catholic).