Bali

Print
Alternate Names
Baali, Dhibali, Kibaali, Kibala, Kibali, Libaali, Southeast Bwa
Population

42,000 (1987 UBS). No monolinguals.

Location

Orientale province: Tshopo district, Bafwasende territory, Tshopo river south to Ituri river north, and Ituri river north bank.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Bemili, Bakundumu, Bafwandaka, Bekeni. The Bemili dialect is central linguistically and geographically. Lexical similarity: 52% with Lika [lik]; 40%–45% with Bwa [bww] and Pagibete [pae]; 46% with Komo [kmw]; 40% with Bhele [bhy], Bila [bip], and Bera [brf]; 30% with Budu [buu] and Ndaka [ndk]; 25% with Lega languages and Lingala [lin].

Typology

SVO; prepositions, genitives before nouns; articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives after nouns; question word sentence final; 1–3 prefixes; 1–5 suffixes; word order distinguishes role; affixes mark person, number of subject and object in one noun group; active, passive, reflexive; 2 causatives; aspect; comparatives; tonal, 3 tones; stress; 9 vowels.

Language Use

Also use Congo Swahili [swc], French [fra], Lingala [lin]. Used as L2 by Kango [kzy].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–2%. Literacy rate in L2: 30%–40% in Congo Swahili [swc].
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

‘Kibali’ is the official name.