A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Byangkho Lwo, Byanshi, Byansi, Byasi, Sauka, Shauka

1,730 in Nepal (2001 census), decreasing. Almost no monolinguals (2002 UNESCO). Population total all countries: 4,560. Ethnic population: 2,100.


Mahakali Zone, Darchula district, Byas valley. 9 villages. Also in India.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of recognized nationality (2002, NFDIN Act, No. 20, Section 2C).


Byansi, Pang Sungkhu Boli, Rang, Sauka, Yerjungkhu Boli. Dialects of Byangs, Chaudangs and Darma valleys are unintelligible to each other (Sharma 1994). Those in Kuti (India) and Tinkar (Nepal) are closely related and quite different from those in other Byangsi villages. Tinkar variety differs from Byangsi, Chaudangsi [cdn], and Darmiya [drd] in forms of agreement affixes and basic vocabulary. Minor dialect differences correspond to geographical divisions (Sharma 2001).

Language Use

161 L2 speakers in Nepal (1991 census). Home, friends. Also use Nepali [npi], Hindi [hin], or Kumaoni [kfy].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 26% in Nepali [npi]. Dictionary. Grammar.
Devanagari script, recently developed.

Also spoken in:

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